Prior to 1071 Richemont: a town in Normandy, France. 1071 to 1501 Richmond: a castle town in Yorkshire, UK. 1501 to 1742 Richmond, a palace town in Surrey, UK. Richmond/rtmnd/ is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia, in the United States. Since 1871 it has been an independent city and not part of any county. Richmond is the center of the Richmond Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Greater Richmond area. As of the 2010 census, the population was 204,214, in 2013, the population was estimated to be 211,172, with a population of 1,208,101 for the Richmond Metropolitan Area making it the fourth-most populous city in Virginia. Geographically, Richmond is located at the fall line of the James River, 44 miles (71km) west of Williamsburg, 66 miles (106km) east of Charlottesville, and 98 miles (158km) south of Washington, D.C. Surrounded by Henrico and Chesterfield counties, the city is located at the intersections of Interstate 95 and Interstate 64, and encircled by Interstate 295 and Virginia State Route 288. Major suburbs include Midlothian to the southwest, Glen Allen to the north and west, Short Pump to the west and Mechanicsville to the northeast. The site of Richmond had been an important village of the Powhatan Confederacy, and was briefly settled by English colonists from Jamestown in 1609, and in 16101611. The present city of Richmond was founded in 1737. It became the capital of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia in 1780. During the Revolutionary War period, several notable events occurred in the city, including Patrick Henry's "Give me liberty or give me death" speech in 1775 at St. John's Church, and the passage of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom written by Thomas Jefferson. During the American Civil War, Richmond served as the capital of the Confederate States of America. The city entered the 20th century with one of the world's first successful electric streetcar systems, as well as a national hub of African-American commerce and culture, the Jackson Ward neighborhood.